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Resources

Homeowner Resources

Need Current Fire Information?

To report a local wildfire (Deschutes County, Central Oregon) call the non-emergency phone line: 541.693.6911

For a national situation report on the current fires occurring nationwide, visit the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC) page or open the daily situation report (sit report).

For current Central Oregon fire info, Central Oregon Interagency Dispatch maintains a Twitter Feed that has emerging and existing fire information.

What's the science behind defensible space? Why does it work?

The concept of defensible space was developed by USDA Forest Service fire scientist Jack Cohen in the late 1990s, following some breakthrough experimental research into how homes ignite during large wildfire events.

There are 3 main ways homes ignite during a wildfire:

Embers are major culprits: Jack Cohen’s work and further analysis and studies, including experiments sponsored by the insurance industry, show that not only should the radiant heat exposure be mitigated in the home ignition zone, but exposure to embers as well. In fact, all the research around home destruction and home survival in wildfires point to embers as the main way that the majority of homes ignite in wildfires. For that reason, NFPA recommends methods to prepare homes to withstand ember attack and minimize the likelihood of flames or surface fire touching the home or any attachments (fences, decks, porches) as the first place for homeowners to start working to prepare their properties.

Homeowners can reduce the risk of ember ignition by doing a few small things around their home. The first item to focus on is the “fine fuels” around your home. Those are items such as pine needles, leaves, and dry grasses directly adjacent (within 5 feet) or touching your home. Removing these fine fuels from vulnerable areas like the roof and gutters is especially critical to home survival during a wildfire.

The first item to focus on is the “fine fuels” around your home. Those are items such as pine needles, leaves, and dry grasses directly adjacent (within 5 feet) or touching your home. Removing these fine fuels from vulnerable areas like the roof and gutters is especially critical to home survival during a wildfire.

The second item is removing flammable plant species from within 30 feet of your home. Plant species such as ornamental juniper, arbor vitae, and bitterbrush are particularly flammable. They are also susceptible to ember intrusion and ignition which will ultimately impact the home they are adjacent to. For other fire resistant species, visit FireFree for a downloadable guide.

Things such as your patio furniture cushions, bark mulch touching your home’s siding, or door mats can also provide a receptive ember bed during a wildfire. Consider moving your bark mulch away from your home at least far enough that there is no direct contact between your bark mulch & wood siding. Cushions and door mats can be stored away during long summer vacations and moved quickly during evacuation situations.

Radiant heat is heat transmitted by radiation as contrasted with that transmitted by conduction (Direct flame contact). Commonly radiant heat is the same kind of heat we feel from the sunshine. When discussing radiant heat, it poses two main concerns for structural ignitability. Windows and siding are most likely to be ignited or impacted by radiant heat from fires near the home.

The radiant heat from flames that are within the first 5 feet of the home can break the glass in a window and penetrate into the interior of a home. Having a dual-pane, tempered glass window offers the best protection because tempered glass does a much better job resisting breakage and even if the outer-pane of glass breaks, the inner pane may remain intact.

Siding is an expensive element of any home, and many types of siding are combustible. If the siding on your home is combustible it is vulnerable to direct flame contact and radiant heat exposure, and therefore it is important to keep the area within 5 ft. of your home free of combustible items, plants, and debris that could catch fire and brings flames dangerously close to the siding. Once ignited, flames from burning siding can encroach on windows and eaves – potentially endangering the entire house.

The overarching goal of defensible space is to prevent direct flame contact from occurring. Once direct flame contact occurs, it is hard to prevent damage or the destruction of the home.

To prevent the above ignition sources from impacting the built environment, think in zones.

Zone 1 is the 0-5 feet adjacent to the home and its attachments. This is an area that encircles the structure and all its attachments (wooden decks, fences, and boardwalks) up to 5 feet. It should be comprised of noncombustible materials, such as pavers, concrete, gravel or bare dirt.

Zone 2 is 5 to 30 feet from the home. This area encircles the structure and all its attachments (wooden decks, fences, and boardwalks) for at least 30 feet on all sides. Note: the 30-foot number comes from the very minimum distance, on flat ground, that a wood wall can be separated from the radiant heat of large flames without igniting.

  • Plants should be carefully spaced, low-growing and free of resins, oils, and waxes that burn easily.

  • Mow the lawn regularly. Prune trees up six to ten feet from the ground.

  • Space conifer trees 30 feet between crowns. Trim back trees that overhang the house.

  • Remove dead vegetation from under the deck and within 10 feet of the house.

  • Consider fire-resistant material for patio furniture, swing sets, etc.

  • Firewood stacks and propane tanks should not be located in this zone. If there is not enough space to move your woodpile 30 feet away, simply cover it with a canvas tarp.

  • Water plants, trees, and mulch regularly.

  • Consider xeriscaping if you are affected by water-use restrictions.

Zone 3 is 30 to 100 feet from the home. Plants in this zone should be low-growing, well irrigated, and less flammable.

  • Leave 30 feet between clusters of two to three trees, or 20 feet between individual trees.

  • Encourage a mixture of deciduous and coniferous trees.

  • Create ‘fuel breaks’, like driveways, gravel walkways, and lawns.

  • Prune trees up six to ten feet from the ground.

Your Home Can Survive a Wildfire

Firewise Community Resources

Why should my community consider Firewise?

Scientific research has shown the effectiveness and benefits of implementing wildfire mitigation concepts across individual property boundaries and throughout communities.

Since 2002, The Firewise USA™ program has empowered neighbors to work together in reducing their wildfire risk. Join the growing network of more than 1400 recognized Firewise sites from across the nation taking action and ownership in preparing and protecting their homes against the threat of wildfire.

Through Firewise, communities develop an action plan that guides their residential risk reduction activities, while engaging and encouraging their neighbors to become active participants in building a safer place to live. Neighborhoods throughout the United States are embracing the benefits of becoming a recognized Firewise USA site – and you can too!

Do we have to become Firewise?

The short answer is no. There are many communities that work on their own wildfire preparedness without pursuing an official Firewise Recognition from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).

Effective defensible space can give each individual home an 80-90% chance of surviving a wildfire. If each individual home in a Firewise Community does their part, the chances of surviving and recovering are exponentially higher.

However, gaining a Firewise Recognition for your neighborhood is recommended by multiple fire agencies in Central Oregon. It is a way to organize and own your community’s wildfire preparedness in a way that makes sense for you and your neighbors. This is a grass root effort to design an action plan to make the entire community safer. We encourage those pursuing Firewise to think of it as a journey rather than a destination.

How do I become a Firewise Community?

Using a five-step process, your community can get started and on their way to receiving their official Firewise USA recognition status, and the honor of proudly displaying their own high-profile signage along with many other benefits.

The five steps of Firewise recognition

To maintain the recognition status over time, participating sites must continue to conduct annual Firewise Day events and document their local investments. See the annual renewal information area for more about how this works.

Neighborhood Presentations

There are multiple local agencies who are available to give presentations to your neighborhood. Project Wildfire and its partners give presentations on their program, defensible space, Firewise, and Evacuation. To schedule a presentation visit our contact page.

Other Resources

The Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety (IBHS) has conducted numerous studies on home ignition. They have developed multiple resources for homeowners living in the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI).

Ember Tests

Wildfire Checklist

Wildfire Brochure for Homeowners

Deschutes County Resources

Deschutes County Development

Community Development Department’s mission is to facilitate orderly growth and development in the Deschutes County community through coordinated programs of Land Use Planning, Environmental Soils, Building Safety, Code Enforcement, Education, and Service to the public.

If you have questions about land use or building requirements as it relates to wildfire, you can find out more on their webpage.

Deschutes County Forestry

The County Forester helps private land owners create defensible space around their homes and helps coordinate fire adapted communities throughout Deschutes County. The position also provides natural resource and forestry recommendations to Deschutes County Commissioners and staff.

The County Forester works with federal, state and other local government agencies on related natural resource issues. Works with county, state, and municipality law enforcement agencies to resolve issues during wildland fires.

Noxious weeds are part of a healthy ecosystem and forest in Deschutes County. If you have questions about noxious weeds, view the Deschutes County noxious weed list.